Start Date : 2017/05/29
Termination date : 2017/05/31
City : Osaka
Country : JAPAN
Description : he field of Nano Delivery now has pivotal roles in electronics, biology and medicine. Its application can be appraised, as it involves the materials to be designed at atomic and molecular level. Due to the advantage of their size, nanospheres have been shown to be robust drug delivery systems and may be useful for encapsulating drugs and enabling more precise targeting with a controlled release. In this review specifically, we highlight the recent advances of this technology for medicine and drug delivery systems. Nanomaterials range from 10–200 nm up to a few micrometres in size, and include nano- and microparticles, nanotubes and quantum dots.
Nanotechnological devices are made from metals, polymers, lipids and organic substances as well as from macromolecules such as dendrimers, antibodies, micelles, liposomes and nanofibers. Nanomedicine makes use of these nanostructures for diagnostic or therapeutic applications in all fields of medicine, using them for drug delivery, biosensors, neuro-electronic interfaces, in vivo imaging, and cell-specific molecular interactions, where "cell repair machines" could revolutionize medicine and the medical field. As drug delivery systems, nanoparticles can be designed to improve the pharmacological and therapeutic properties of drugs. The strength of nanoparticulate drug delivery systems is their ability to alter the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of drugs.